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Pre-AP: Strategies in English—Rhetoric

Expand your English teaching skills, techniques and knowledge in this workshop

Teachers learn the classical art of rhetoric in its two senses: language as crafted for an audience and the use of language to achieve specific goals. Participants learn techniques to teach important principles of rhetoric that will help students become proficient writers and readers.

The workshop conforms to the College Board's mission, particularly in promoting access and equity; National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) standards; and to AP English Literature and AP English Language standards and skills.


  • Understand AP standards and the role of Pre-AP in developing them
  • Learn what students need for AP English
  • Understand the canons of rhetoric: invention, arrangement, and style
  • Analyze and produce successful rhetorical texts using rhetorical theory principles
  • Appreciate issues and strategies critical to AP Vertical Teams in English


Definitions, Appeals, the Basic Transaction
Rhetorical Invention: Strategies, Intuitions, Memories
Arrangement: Packaging the Text for an Audience
Style: Words and Sentences Appropriate for the Audience and Situation
Closing Activity

Workshop author

David Joliffe is a professor of English and coordinator of the Writing-in-the-Disciplines Initiative at DePaul University in Chicago, Illinois. He is also the Chief Reader for AP English Language and Composition Exam.