The College Board’s Access & Diversity Collaborative (ADC) exists to provide robust information and tools to higher education institutions as they develop and implement policies and practices in support of educational access and diversity.
We’re a cross-disciplinary group of education professionals and organizations dedicated to upholding the principles of equitable access to higher education for all students and promoting diversity on campus.
As we work to serve higher education institutions and organizations and, ultimately, students, we will continue to be:
- A voice of national advocacy for comprehensive, evidence-based, and legally sound access and diversity policies.
- A resource for sophisticated and pragmatic policy and practice guidance and actionable research to support institutional, mission-based goals, with a focus on the promotion and expansion of educational pathways and opportunities for historically underrepresented populations.
- A group where thought leaders can work collaboratively on policy and practice development, with a focus on:
- Supporting the effective use of data and research connected to real-world policy and practice issues.
- Identifying and developing replicable best practices that reflect sound policy and are legally sustainable.
- Finding common ground to develop a principled and pragmatic policy and practice agenda.
NASFAA National Conference
June 24-27, 2019. Orlando, FL
Applying Federal Non-Discrimination Laws to Financial Aid
Tuesday, June 25, 2019: 8:30 AM-9:30 AM
Southern Hemisphere III (Walt Disney World Dolphin)
Colleges and universities continue to press forward in their pursuit of diverse, inclusive learning environments where all students can benefit. In doing so, institutional leaders—especially financial aid officials—must balance using financial aid as a tool to expand opportunity and a range of legal, policy, political, and practical considerations in the awarding of financial aid. This Access and Diversity Collaborative (ADC) session will address major federal nondiscrimination laws that govern the awarding of financial aid and scholarships when factors like race, ethnicity, and gender are considered; and will offer examples that align with current federal laws and rules.
NACAC National Conference
September 26-28, 2019. Louisville, KY
Chief Enrollment Management Officers’ Forum
September 25-26, 2019
The Chief Enrollment Officers’ Forum is a 1.5 day workshop designed for the most senior enrollment and admission leaders at institutions of higher education that will focus on diversity, access and inclusion in enrollment management, financial aid, and strategic planning. On September 26, Art Coleman and David Dixon will join other Access and Diversity Collaborative leaders to present in a session titled “Achieving the Educational Benefits of Diversity—What CEMOs Need to Understand.” Additionally, on September 26 from 3:15pm-4:15pm, Access and Diversity Collaborative leaders will provide an update on federal policy and legal developments associated with higher education diversity issues, with a focus on current legal and Trump Administration policy developments.
2019 College Board Forum
November 6-8, 2019, Washington, DC
- Sponsor Meeting- Wednesday, November 6th, 8:00am-9:30am
- Race Neutral Strategies Under Federal Non-discrimination Law: A New Lens- Friday, November 8th, 8:15am-9:15am
- Colloquia Session- The Colloquia session is scheduled for 1:15-2:15pm in Delaware A-B on Wednesday, November 6. Sponsor meeting: 8-9 am
ADC New Publications
Harvard District Court Summary
This preliminary analysis of the U.S. District Court’s September 30, 2019 decision in Students for Fair Admissions v. Harvard provides a brief overview of the case and surfaces some major legal and policy implications of the decision for the higher education community.
The Playbook: Understanding the Role of Race Neutral Strategies in Advancing Higher Education Diversity, 2nd Edition
This practical guide provides an overview of race-and ethnicity-neutral strategies and “plays” that can advance institutional diversity interests.
Financial Aid and Scholarships: A Federal Non-discrimination Law Primer.
College Board and EducationCounsel recently published a primer that:
- Surfaces key issues that should be considered in the review, evaluation, and evolution of financial aid and scholarship policies and practices to maximize their effectiveness and sustainability;
- Synthesizes key points of law and policy in a format designed to facilitate meaningful on-the-ground dialogue and action; and
- Offers ideas regarding strategies and design models that merit consideration among policy leaders as they seek to achieve institutional goals in legally sustainable ways.
Understanding Holistic Review in Higher Education Admissions: Guiding Principles and Model Illustrations, which provides insights into the values, logic and rigor behind effective holistic review in higher education admissions. Incorporating key legal principles associated with federal court cases that have challenged the consideration of race and ethnicity in admissions, the guide discusses key features and elements of well-designed holistic review policy development and process management—with institutional examples that illustrate effective practice. The guide also calls on the higher education community to think differently about transparency and communications associated with holistic review in admissions.
Students for Fair Admission v. Harvard: Understanding What the Court Said and What It Means for Higher Education
This webinar outlines issues relevant to the federal court’s September 30, 2019 decision in Students for Fair Admission v. Harvard. The court’s 130-page decision in favor of Harvard applies federal nondiscrimination law to Harvard’s consideration of race and ethnicity in its admissions program designed to advance its diversity-related interests. This webinar unpacks that decision, with a focus on key findings and lessons for other postsecondary institutions to consider as they develop and refine diversity-related policies and practices.
Understanding the Role of Race Neutral Strategies in Advancing Higher Education Diversity Goals
The ADC hosted a webinar on race neutral strategies, including those featured in The Playbook (2d. Edition). Overall, the key themes discussed include expanding awareness of the range of effective strategies for increasing diversity that may be considered “race-neutral”, the need to consider both intent and effect when deciding if a strategy is actually race-conscious or neutral and the imperative of periodic review of policies that consider race in some aspect of the enrollment process for all IHEs.
Federal Non-Discrimination Law: Implications for Higher Education Financial Aid and Scholarship Policies and Programs
The ADC hosted a webinar on January 16, 2019. The webinar addressed the issues of federal non-discrimination law relevant to higher education financial aid and scholarship policies and programs. Also, the webinar discussed effective and sustainable financial aid program design, with attention to U.S. Department of Education Title VI policies and OCR case resolutions on the topic. In addition, the webinar provided insight into and offered ideas about strategies and action steps that can help achieve institutional goals, while also mitigating legal risk.
The 2018 Legal Landscape: Litigation and Agency Actions Regarding Federal Non-Discrimination Law in Higher Education.
The ADC hosted a webinar on December 14th. Presenters reflected on the recent legal landscape and provided insight regarding important actions postsecondary institutions may take to continuously build the necessary evidence base to sustain their diversity efforts. Based on these developments, presenters offered insights into important higher education strategies that can advance mission-based institutional interests in ways that also mitigate legal risk.
ADC Member Spotlight
In May 2019, the Center for First-generation Student Success named nine ADC Institutional Sponsors as First Forward Institutions, in recognition of their commitment to enhancing the experiences and advancing the outcomes of first-generation college students.” The ADC Institutional Sponsors recognized include Florida International University, Florida State University, Northeastern University, University of Arizona, University of Georgia, University of Michigan, The University of Texas at Austin, University of Virginia, and University of Washington.
In March 2019, The Journal of Higher Education published “A Study of the Use of Non Academic Factors in Holistic Undergraduate Admissions Review,” authored by Don Hossler, Emily Chung, Jihye Kwon, Jerry Lucido, Nicholas Bowman, and Michael Bastedo. The study examines the ways in which nonacademic factors are used in college admissions at different types of institutions of higher education.
Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. President and Fellows of Harvard College, U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts
Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA) alleges and Harvard denies that Harvard discriminated against Asian students by stereotyping them; that it engaged in racial balancing (caps) in admissions; and that it failed to establish evidence of need (including adequate pursuit of race-neutral alternatives) that would justify consideration of race in admissions under the Supreme Court’s standards for compliance with federal law (Title VI). (See the July 2018, October 2018, December 2018, and March 2019 newsletters for a fuller summary.) After a final hearing in the case on February 13, 2019, respecting the parties’ proposed findings of fact and law—at which the Court also allowed time for student and organization amici—the case is in Judge Burroughs’ hands for decision. The ADC will provide a same-day summary and perspective on the decision—followed soon after by a deeper analysis—once a decision is issued.
Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, U.S. District Court for the North Carolina Middle District.
On January 18, 2019, the University of North Carolina (UNC) and Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA) each filed motions for summary judgment asking the court to rule in their favor based on law and their written filings, rather than going to trial. In these filings, SFFA argues that UNC mechanically considers race as a dominant factor in admissions; acts in a manner that indicates a lack of sincere interest in the educational benefits of diversity; and fails to use race neutral alternatives that UNC admitted in its Fisher amicus brief are workable, rendering UNC’s consideration of race unnecessary. UNC denies SFFA’s claims and argues that it actively engages diversity to gain educational benefits grounded in research; has a rigorous, high-quality admission program in which readers are unaware of the racial composition of the class; and over a 10-year period, two committees and the Admissions Office considered many neutral alternatives and has been unable to find any neutral alternative that would provide the same diversity and academic quality as the current model. The trial date has not been set, but it is anticipated to begin in 2019, unless the court rules in favor of one of the parties and decides the case without a trial.
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